Jerzy Kawalerowicz (19 January 1922 ￢ﾀﾓ 27 December 2007) was a Polish film director and politician, having been a member of Polish United Workers' Party from 1954 until its dissolution in 1990 and a deputy in Polish parliament since 1985 until 1989.
Jerzy Kawalerowicz was noted for his powerful, detail-oriented imagery and the depth of ideas in his films. After working as an assistant director, he made his directorial debut with the 1951 film The Village Mill (Gromada). He was a leading figure in the Polish Film School, and his films Shadow (Cieￅﾄ, 1956) and Night Train (Pociￄﾅg, 1959) constitute some of that movement's best work.
Other noted works by Kawalerowicz include Mother Joan of the Angels (Matka Joanna od Anioￅﾂￃﾳw, 1961) and a 1966 adaptation of Bolesￅﾂaw Prus' historical novel, Pharaoh (Faraon), which was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film
He died on 27 December 2007 in Warsaw, Poland. He was 85.