Boleslav Polívka (born 31 July, 1949 in Vizovice) is a Czech film and theatre actor, mime, playwright and screenwriter. Polívka played in more than 40 films.
In 1971 Polívka graduated at the Janáček Academy of Music and Performing Arts in the play Podivné odpoledne dr. Zvonka Burkeho (Strange Afternoon of Dr. Zvonek Burke) by Ladislav Smoček. In 1969 he co-founded Divadlo Husa na provázku (Goose on a String Theatre) and became one of its leading personalities. In 1993 he founded his own theater, Divadlo Bolka Polívky (Bolek Polívka Theatre) in Brno. He is one of the most important exponents of Czech mime and frequently appears with foreign theatre ensembles.
Polívka's work as writer, director and mime performer is inspired by clowning, Commedia dell'arte, and early comedy films, but he occasionally introduces voice and words into his performances, which thus cross traditional theatrical boundaries into a form of "total acting". His unique theatrical style has been widely acclaimed in the Czech Republic and beyond.
He first appeared in films in the 1960s and has worked with the Czech director Vladimír Sís. Since the 1980s he has regularly worked with Věra Chytilová, who often casts