Theodoor "Theo" van Gogh was a Dutch film director, film producer, columnist, author and actor.
Van Gogh worked with the Somali-born writer and politician Ayaan Hirsi Ali to produce the short film Submission, which criticized the treatment of women in Islam. Many Muslims found it controversial for its criticism. On 2 November 2004 Van Gogh was assassinated by Mohammed Bouyeri, a Dutch-Moroccan Muslim.
The last film Van Gogh had completed before his death, 06/05, was a fictional exploration of the assassination of Dutch politician Pim Fortuyn.