Raúl Ernesto Ruiz Pino (25 July 1941 – 19 August 2011) was a prolific Chilean filmmaker and writer who was best known in France and made over 100 films during his 48-year career.
Ruiz learnt his craft working in Mexican television and studying at the Catholic University of Santa Fe, Argentina's film school. Back in Chile, he directed his first feature film Tres tristes tigres in the late 1960s, winning the Golden Leopard at the Locarno Film Festival. He was something of an outsider among the politically oriented filmmakers of his generation, such as Miguel Littín and Helvio Soto, his work being far more ironic, surrealistic and experimental. In 1973, shortly after the military coup d'état led by the dictator Augusto Pinochet, Ruiz fled Chile and settled in Paris, France.
After several years writing and directing a great number of low-budget films (often for France's Institut national de l'audiovisuel and then for Portuguese producer Paulo Branco), Ruiz had developed a reputation as an avant-garde master of cinema in Europe. He then began working with larger budgets and "name" stars with Dark at Noon (1993) starring John Hurt and Three Lives and Only One Death (1996) starring